Comment: Most of the encyclicals on this site come from the 5 volume set, “The Papal Encyclicals 1740-1981” published by Pierian Press. The bull,  Pope Nicholas V‘s decree, of 1452 was addressed to Afonso V and conceded Portugal’s right to attack, conquer and subjugate Saracens and pagans; this is also known as Dum Diversas. It stipulated that tribes were dependent on the federal government. I look forward to watching it! Papal bulls from the 1400s condoned the conquest of the Americas and other lands inhabited by indigenous people. In 1493, after Christopher Columbus’ fateful voyage, Inter Caetera granted Ferdinand and Isabella “full and free power, authority, and jurisdiction of every kind,” over almost all of the Americas, save for a portion of modern-day Brazil and a few island outposts. The same pope wrote the bull Romanus Pontifex on January 5, 1455 to the same Alfonso. In fact, we, all mankind, are "niggas". If you are a teacher or involved in ministry: While supplies last, we are offering complimentary reprints of this entire special report. It authorised Alfonso V of Portugal to reduce any “Saracens (Muslims) and pagans and any other unbelievers” to perpetual slavery. 2. Learn more here, Copyright © The National Catholic Reporter Publishing Company | 115 E. Armour Blvd., Kansas City, MO 64111 | 1-800-444-8910, In January 1891, the bodies of four Lakota Sioux are seen wrapped in blankets, three weeks after the Dec. 29 massacre by U.S. forces at Wounded Knee River on the Pine Ridge reservation in South Dakota. Is­sued less than a year be­fore the Fall of Con­stan­tino­ple in 1453, the bull may have been in­tended to begin an­other cru­sade against the Ot­toman Em­pire. Gather your troops (1 million strong), because Michael the Archangel is on his way.. Pingback: Notes to Grandchildren (George Floyd and Rayshard Brooks) | jcfunk, Pingback: 15th century papal edicts authorized the African slave trade, Indigenous land seizures |. on 18 June, 1452. Al qalam, Paris, 2002) de Assani Fassassi, P. 10 – 21. In 1452, the papal bull Dum Diversas instructed the Portuguese crown “to invade, capture, vanquish, and subdue all Saracens, pagans, and other enemies … These clearly refers to the lands along the coast of West Africa. According to Steven Newcomb, a columnist for Indian Country Today and co-founder of the Indigenous Law Institute, what became known as the Doctrine of Discovery originated from a series of papal bulls issued in the era following the Crusades. Dum Diversas (English: Until different) is a papal bull issued on 18 June 1452 by Pope Nicholas V. It authorized Afonso V of Portugal to conquer Saracens and pagans and consign them to … Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Click here for details. Somehow I never connected the two. Papal bulls issued by Pope Nicholas V Dum Diversas in 1452. and Pope Alexander VI issued Inter Caetera in 1493 ... archaic and quite frankly outdated document is not repudiated by the Vatican,” Tukaki says. Pope Nicholas V issued the Papal Bull Dum Diversas on 18 June, 1452. “There are Canadian rulings that refer to the 1823 [U.S.] ruling.”. I knew that the Catholic Church via the Pope had authorized slavery in the 1400s, but I didn’t know that they had authorized the eradication, subjugation, etc, of African people. Change ). From th… In Great Moments 12 Comments. But Native American activists and scholars insist that Catholicism's past continues to affect the present. Own­er­s… 1455 (January 8) Romanus Pontifex ("The Roman pontiff") Nicholas V : Sanctifies the seizure of non-Christian lands discovered during the Age of Discovery and encourages the enslavement of natives. On May 30, 2019 May 31, 2019 By Dr. Y. Racism coursed through the doctrine and the bulls that informed it, Jeffers said, but its origins were ultimately political, stemming from the “Vatican trying to come to terms with the discovery of the New World … and trying to head off massive wars between Spain and Portugal” over gold. The potentates of the old world found no difficulty in convincing themselves that they made ample compensation to the inhabitants of the new, by bestowing on them civilization and Christianity, in exchange for unlimited independence. Dum Diversas or The Vatican’s Authorization of Slavery. Send your thoughts and reactions to Letters to the Editor. 1. Somehow I never connected the two. It sickens me how people can colonize and act on genocidal impulses all in the name of God. It authorised Alfonso V of Portugal to reduce any “Saracens (Muslims) and pagans and any other unbelievers” to perpetual slavery. The First General Council of the Vatican, 1869-70 21. The decision precluded “the tribe from rekindling embers of sovereignty that long ago grew cold,” Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg wrote for the majority. Send your thoughts and reactions to Letters to the Editor. Editor’s note: It may seem like papal statements from 500 years ago are ancient history. The first castle 1482, Columbus sails the ocean blue in 1492 and conquest after conquest under the guise of … This is a brief over-view of the Pope Alexander VI's Demarcation Bull - May 4th 1493. These developments represented “the beginnings of international law,” said Joshua Jeffers, a member of the history department at Middle Tennessee State University who has studied the Doctrine of Discovery. A papal bull is a document through which a pope of the Roman Catholic Church issues an important public decree, letters patent, or charter. This facilitated the Portuguese slave trade from West Africa. Visiting the official website of the Holy See one can browse: the Magisterium of the Supreme Pontiffs (from Pope Leo XIII to Pope Francis); the fundamental texts of Catholicism in various languages (the Sacred Bible, the Catechism of the Catholic Church, the documents of the Second Vatican Council and the Code of Canon Law); the documents of Dicasteries, Bodies and Institutions of the Roman Curia Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this blog’s author/ owner is strictly prohibited. “In 1600, it meant something different than it did in 1650,” he said. His email address is. The Dum Diversas, the Romanus Pontifex and the Inter Caetera Papal Bulls serve as the basis & justification for the Doctrine of Discovery, the global slave-trade of the 15th & 16th centuries, and the United States government’s Age of Imperialism. In 1452 Pope Nicholas V issued a papal bull entitled Dum Diversas, which authorized Afonso V of Portugal to conquer “ Saracens (Muslims) and pagans” in a disputed territory in Africa and consign them to “perpetual servitude.” The majority of these documents were originally found on the original St. Michael’s Depot site which is no longer online. Shoot, the first slave ship to capture Africans was called Jesus of Lubeck AKA the Good Ship Jesus captained by John Hawkins of England. This is Part Five of a six-part series on the legacy of the Doctrine of Discovery. ( Log Out /  By these decree,  Pope Nicholas V conceded to the King of Portugal Afonso V and Prince Henry and all their successors, all their conquests of Africa, and reduction to perpetual servitude of all people deemed non-believers and enemies of Christ, and all their properties. The ruling maintained that Native Americans — referred to in the decision as “fierce savages” and “the conquered” — had the right to occupy land, but not full sovereignty. With the bull the Portuguese had a monopoly for trade in the new areas in Africa and Asia. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Indigenous activists maintain that the inequality perpetuated by U.S. federal Indian law continues to leave Native American legal claims stuck in the mud. Cancel Unsubscribe. In late spring of 1452 Byzan­tine Em­peror Con­stan­tine XI wrote to Pope Nicholas for help against the im­pend­ing siege by Ot­toman Sul­tan Mehmed II. The first bull of consequence was issued in 1436 and titled Romanus Pontifex, he said. And, you wonder why England, Spain, Portugal and Italy are being hit hard by the virus ? In 2007, the United Nations issued the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, a landmark document that provided what Native American scholar and attorney Walter Echo-Hawk once called a “human rights framework” for replacing the colonial MO. Apologies and repudiations have been made: Pope John Paul II. You are a Nigritian, which is YOUR NATION that no one and no thing can prevent you from using." They say it resulted in disaster and genocide for native peoples, but that its legacy remains largely overlooked. His email address is vrotondaro@ncronline.org.]. Pope Nicholas V issued the papal bull Dum Diversas on 18 June, 1452. ( Log Out /  1452-1865 413 yrs of chattel slavery with perpetual servitude conscienceness. King Afonso V gave a ceremonial lecture on the bull in Lisbon Cathedralon October 5, 1455 to inform the foreign representatives of commerce. Nicholas is­sued the bull "Dum Di­ver­sas" (18 June 1452) au­tho­riz­ing King Al­fonso V of Por­tu­gal to "at­tack, con­quer, and sub­ju­gate Sara­cens, pa­gans and other en­e­mies of Christ wher­ever they may be found." The Doctrine of Discovery, 1493 | The Papal Bull "Inter Caetera," issued by Pope Alexander VI on May 4, 1493, played a central role in the Spanish conquest of the New World. It authorised Alfonso V of Portugal to reduce any “Saracens (Muslims) and pagans and any other unbelievers” to perpetual slavery. In 1452, the papal bull Dum Diversas instructed the Portuguese crown “to invade, capture, vanquish, and subdue all Saracens, pagans, and other enemies of Christ, to put them into perpetual slavery, and to take away all their possessions and property.”. The campaign was justified as a crusade. Please find below the Papal bull by Pope Nicholas V. This is just so saddening. Loading... Unsubscribe from VaticanAssasins666 VaticanAssasins666? The bull allowed the Portuguese king to launch a campaign against, capture, and enslave non-Christians of Africa. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Now Native Americans say the church helped commit genocide and refuses to come to terms with it. Papal Bulls Dum Diversas Begin Black Enslavement 1 VaticanAssasins666 VaticanAssasins666. All the names of countries in "Africa" concocted out of their Berlin Conference of 1884 are fiction. Vatican pushed to abolish doctrine of discovery, Papal bulls authorizing colonization should be repealed, indigenous groups say It concerned “the concession of the right of domination over the Guanches people” and the Canary Islands, which was taken over by the crown of Castile, a medieval state in the Iberian Peninsula. “We grant you [Kings of Spain and Portugal] by these present documents, with our Apostolic Authority, full and free permission to invade, search out, capture, and subjugate the Saracens and pagans and any other unbelievers and enemies of Christ wherever they may be, as well as their kingdoms, duchies, counties, principalities, and other property […] and to reduce their persons into perpetual servitude.”. Papal Bull Dum Diverersas - 18 June 1452 Pope Nicholas V issued the papal bull Dum Diversas on 18 June, 1452. A more recent 2011 Supreme Court ruling severely limited a tribe’s ability to sue the federal government over fiduciary trust indiscretion. ”. This facilitated the Portuguese slave trade from West Africa. It authorizes (King) Alfonso V of Portugal to reduce any “Saracens (Muslims) and pagans and any other unbelievers to perpetual slavery. It extended to the Catholic nations of Europe dominion over discovered lands during the Age of Discovery or Age of Exploration. 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In 1454, the Pope followed up Dum Diversas with Romanus Pontifex, which granted Portugal the more specific right to conquer and enslave all peoples south of Cape Bojador.5 Taken together, these papal bulls did far more than grant exclusive rights to the Portuguese; they signaled to the rest of Christian Europe that the enslavement of sub-Saharan Africans was acceptable and encouraged. But, as they were all in pursuit of nearly the same object, it was necessary, in order to avoid conflicting settlements, and consequent war with each other, to establish a principle, which all should acknowledge as the law by which the right of acquisition, which they all asserted, should be regulated as between themselves. Vatican II – 1962-1965. This principle was, that discovery gave title to the government by whose subjects, or by whose authority, it was made, against all other European governments, which title might be consummated by possession. Earlier Papal bulls, such as Pope Nicholas V 's Dum Diversas (1452) and Romanus Pontifex (1454), permitting the "perpetual servitude" of saracens and pagans in Africa, were used to justify the enslavement of natives and the appropriation of their lands during this era. “It changed based on what the colonizer wanted to do.”, In 1823, a turning point was reached in its “ideological essence.” In the U.S. Supreme Court case Johnson v. M’Intosh — which involved a land dispute — “a new type of property ownership,” was created for Native Americans, Jeffers said, “a lesser form of ownership.”. Slaves on board a ship. It was a letter written to the same King Alfonso V of Portugal as a follow-up to the Dum Diversas. Johnson v. M’Intosh became the cornerstone of U.S. federal Indian law, Jeffers said. The pope also promised the remission of sins for anyone who joined this “crusade.” You can even trace that to Leopold just a few centuries later since he was a self-identifying Catholic, but even the Protestants were in on the slave trade and subjugation as well (see the British empire). Chief Justice John Marshall’s ruling stated: On the discovery of this immense continent, the great nations of Europe were eager to appropriate to themselves so much of it as they could respectively acquire. Slavery in America was in keeping with language authorizing slavery in the Vatican document Dum diversas and other such documents issued in the 1450s. A papal bull is a document through which a pope of the Roman Catholic Church issues an important public decree, letters patent, or charter. © Dr. Y. and www.afrolegends.com, [2009-2020]. This is the kind of stuff makes it hard to separate the doctrinally good things of Christianity from the horrible things perpetrated by its proclaimers. It authorizes (King) Alfonso V of Portugal to reduce any “Saracens (Muslims) and pagans and any other unbelievers to perpetual slavery. However, “the thing with these U.N. declarations,” Jeffers said, “is that they have no real teeth, so countries quibble about what is in them.” Without “real enforcement power,” the colonial model remains in place. The Doctrine of Discovery, while not mentioned by name, was given a legitimating stamp. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Pope Nicholas V issued the papal bull Dum Diversas. This series of papal bulls had an impact here in the Tyler, Texas area. The same pope wrote the bull Romanus Pontifex on January 5, 1455 to the same Alfonso. ( Log Out /  The U.S., Australia, New Zealand and Canada initially held out on signing, but have since endorsed the U.N. document. Rubbish, Christianity has always been the root of all evil upon this planet, from the get go! I knew that the Catholic Church via the Pope had authorized slavery in the 1400s, but I didn’t know that they had authorized the eradication, subjugation, etc, of African people. We grant you [Kings of Spain and Portugal] by these present documents, with our Apostolic Authority, full and free permission to invade, search out, capture, and subjugate the Saracens and pagans and any other unbelievers and enemies of Christ wherever they may be, as well as their kingdoms, duchies, counties, principalities, and other property […] and to reduce their persons into perpetual servitude, PT/TT/BUL/0007/29 and is fully translated to French in the book, Dum Diversas or The Vatican’s Authorization of Slavery, Notes to Grandchildren (George Floyd and Rayshard Brooks) | jcfunk, 15th century papal edicts authorized the African slave trade, Indigenous land seizures |, Proverbe sur la fausse amitié / Proverb on Fake Friendship, “Jébalè / Jebale” by Elolongue Epanya Yondo, Innovation in the Face of Adversity: Using Tech to Prevent Car Theft… with no Internet, Diego Maradona, The Golden One, and Africa, GoodBye to Amadou Toumani Touré (ATT) -Former President of Mali, So Long to J.J. Rawlings: Former President of Ghana, Proverbe sur les grandes choses apportant de grands obstacles / Proverb on Great Things bringing in Great Hurdles, Chameleon last seen a Century Ago in Madagascar found again, Proverbe Camerounais sur la Descendance / Cameroonian Proverb on Offsprings, Alexander Pushkin, the Black father of Russian literature, Adinkra Symbols and the Rich Akan Culture, "Ils sont venus ce soir" / "They Came Tonight" by Leon Gontran Damas, Kente Cloth: An Ashanti Tradition dating Centuries back. Thank you KhamitHEthics. Scholars say the Doctrine of Discovery holds immense importance in world history. Dum Diversas The Papal Bull June 18 1452 by Pope Nicolas V & Slave Trade, Berlin Conference 1884 ... Niggas and Nigritia 2013. Those ideas are traced to Vatican documents called papal bulls of the fifteenth century and ... As a follow-up to the Dum Diversas, it extended to the Catholic nations of Europe dominion over “discovered lands” during the Age of Discovery. “And not just in the United States,” he added, but also “in Australia, New Zealand and Canada,” where large indigenous populations exist. For instance, in 2005, the Supreme Court referenced the Doctrine of Discovery in the first footnote to the case City of Sherrill v. Oneida Indian Nation of New York, which maintained that parcels of tribal land sold and later repurchased by the Oneida were neither tax exempt nor sovereign. So saddening first General Council of the Vatican ’ s Depot site which no... Ago are ancient history Berlin Conference 1884... Niggas and Nigritia 2013 you why! To enslave Israelites of Lubeck ’ or ‘ the Good ship Jesus ’ then Jesus be! Or ‘ the Good ship Jesus ’ then Jesus must be a slave master, Lord... Pope Nicholas V issued the papal bull by Pope Nicolas V & slave trade Berlin! 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