Get Your Free Lifetime Account: In this video, you'll learn all about Revolution Day January 25 in Egypt … The horse and camel riders deny that they were paid by anyone, though they said that they were told about the protests from a ruling party MP. [158][159][160][161], 8 June: Political factions tentatively agreed to a deal to form a new constitutional assembly, consisting of 100 members who will draft the new constitution. Prison inmates escaped en masse, in what was believed to be an attempt to terrorise protesters. [352], The participation and contributions by Egyptian women to the protests were attributed to the fact that many (especially younger women) were better educated than previous generations and represent more than half of Egyptian university students. Sadat neglected the modernization of Egypt, and his cronyism cost the country infrastructure industries which could generate new jobs. [333] Before the uprising, the best-organised and most-prominent opposition movements in the Arab world usually came from Islamist organisations with members who were motivated and ready to sacrifice. For example, on 8 February, a blogger posted a video of two police officers, identified by their first names and last initials, sodomizing a bound naked man named Ahmed Abdel Fattah Ali with a bottle. However, pictures of Khaled's disfigured corpse from the morgue showed signs of torture. Solidarity demonstrations for the protesters were held worldwide. Wael Ghonim's memorial Facebook page to Said grew to over 400,000 followers, creating an online arena where protestors and those discontented with the government could gather and organise. [97] The BBC said, "The simple fact is that most Egyptians do not see any way that they can change their country or their lives through political action, be it voting, activism, or going out on the streets to demonstrate. January 25 revolution - 4/7 ... a day intended to commemorate those killed in pro-democracy protests since Jan. 25. On 12 August, the same blogger posted two videos of alleged police torture of a man in a Port Said police station by the head of investigations, Mohammed Abu Ghazala. Alexandria's protests were notable for the joint presence of Christians and Muslims in the events following the church bombing on 1 January, which sparked protests against the Mubarak regime. [164][165][166][167] The provision remains in effect until a new constitution is introduced, and could mean those detained could remain in jail for that long according to state-run Egy News. Sharaf's appointment was seen as a concession to protesters, since he was actively involved in the events in Tahrir Square. January 25 marks 25 January Revolution Day in Egypt (also known as 2011 Revolution Day). The Ghad El-Thawra Party, Karama, Wafd and Democratic Front supported the protests. But what is a Flash Hub? This page contains a national calendar of all 2021 public holidays for Egypt. The day celebrates the beginning of the Egyptian revolution of 2011. Police arrested many activists. An Egyptian attempts to set himself on fire before the parliament in Cairo. 6 February 2011: An interfaith service was held with Egyptian Christians and Muslims in Tahrir Square. Mubarak was often compared to an Egyptian pharaoh by the media and some critics, due to his authoritarian rule. The revolution started on Police Day, a public holiday, 25 January 2011, with a series of peaceful demonstrations in Cairo that were originally meant to draw attention to police brutality. [402], Unemployment and reliance on subsidized goods, Under the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces, Role of media disruption on 28 January 2011, Aziz, Muhammad Abdul and Hussein, Youssef (2002) "The President, the Son, and the Military: Succession in Egypt". [64] In the five years before the revolution, the Mubarak regime denied the existence of torture or abuse by police. [163], 13 June: After Egypt's military government imposed de facto martial law (extending the arrest powers of security forces), The public holiday is a paid vacation for all civil servants in ministries and governmental institutions as well as the companies affiliated to the public, business and private sectors. "[272] The United States, the United Kingdom, France and Germany issued similar statements calling for reform and an end to violence against peaceful protesters. [111] The Facebook group for the event attracted 80,000 people. See Public holidays in Libya. In a gesture to a new beginning, protesters cleaned up and renovated Tahrir Square (the epicenter of the demonstrations); however, many pledged to continue protesting until all demands had been met. [229] The poll, which had a 47% turnout, and was held between 26 and 28 May 2014, resulted in a resounding victory for el-Sisi. The SCAF said that it would announce a 100-person assembly to write the country's new constitution. [86] The rise to power of powerful businessmen in the NDP, the government and the House of Representatives led to public anger during the Ahmed Nazif government. [121] Four important figures in the former regime were arrested that day: former interior minister Habib el-Adly, former minister of housing Ahmed Maghrabi, former tourism minister H.E. Demands stemming from the main four include the following: On 17 February, an Egyptian prosecutor ordered the detention of three former ministers (interior minister Habib el-Adli, tourism minister Zuhair Garana and housing minister Ahmed el-Maghrabi) and steel magnate Ahmed Ezz pending trial for wasting public funds. 1 July ("Friday of Retribution"): Thousands of protesters gathered in Suez, Alexandria and Tahrir Square to voice frustration with the ruling Supreme Council of the Armed Forces for what they called the slow pace of change, five months after the revolution, some also feared that the military is to rule Egypt indefinitely. tahrir square, referendum, muslim brotherhood, january 25 revolution, hosni mubarak, elections, egypt, abdel fattah al-sisi Jan 23, 2014 CAIRO — As Egypt's interim president and ministers of defense and interior celebrated the third anniversary of the January 25 Revolution, countless authors and TV show hosts continued to smear the uprising that toppled Hosni Mubarak's dictatorship. ... to find out about the first "martyrs" of Egypt's revolution. [69] On 6 June 2010 Khaled Mohamed Saeed died under disputed circumstances in the Sidi Gaber area of Alexandria, with witnesses testifying that he was beaten to death by police – an event which galvanized Egyptians around the issue of police brutality. A Diary to Democracy about the Egyptian Revolution. History of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt, Khaled Mohamed Saeed died under disputed circumstances, Peterson Institute for International Economics, constitutional provisions affecting elections, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Timeline of the Egyptian revolution of 2011, Timeline of the Egyptian Crisis under the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces, Timeline of the 2011–2012 Egyptian revolution (Post-revolution timeline), International reactions to the Egyptian revolution of 2011, Domestic responses to the Egyptian revolution of 2011, Egyptian constitutional review committee of 2011, Trials and judicial hearings following the Egyptian Revolution of 2011, Muslim Brotherhood in post-Mubarak electoral politics of Egypt, List of modern conflicts in the Middle East, "Egypt activists plan biggest protest yet on Friday", "Egypt protests a ticking time bomb: Analysts", "Egyptian Revolution: A Demographic Structural Analysis", "Egypt's prime minister quits, new govt soon-army", Egypt's Mubarak Steps Down; Military Takes Over, "Egypt's military moves to dissolve parliament, suspend constitution",, "Prosecutors Order Mubarak and Sons Held", "Mubarak to be tried for murder of protesters", "Egypt's state of emergency ends after 31 years", "Mohammed Morsi sworn in as Egypt's president", "Estimated 2 Million People Protest in _ Around Tahrir Square in Cairo Egypt.mp4 | Current News World Web Source for News and Information", "Activists on Facebook: the military killed 99 and wounded 2702 in 10 months", "Egypt's revolution death toll rises to 384", "Egypt's army fails to grasp the post-Mubarak realities – The National", Egyptian-American leaders call for U.S. support of 'Lotus Revolution' –, "شيحة: مكاتب الصحة وثقت سقوط 840 شهيداً خلال ثورة 25 يناير", "Egypt: Cairo's Tahrir Square fills with protesters", "Was the Egyptian revolution really non-violent? 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